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A Kinematic Theory of Rapid Human Movements: Part III. Kinematic Outcomes

Biological Cybernetics Volume 78 Issue 2 (1998) p 133-145

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"This paper describes the kinematic and kinetic properties of simple rapid movements using a single and unique framework based on a delta-lognormal law (Plamondon 1993a,b, 1995a,b). Predictions concerning isotonic measurements are made using the properties of acceleration profiles, as described by the first time derivative of the delta-lognormal law. Predictions dealing with isometric measurements are directly analyzed using the delta-lognormal law, after demonstrating the experimental equivalence between isometric forces and virtual velocity profiles. The theory is also used to make statistical predictions about the variability of numerous kinematic and kinetic variables. The overall approach can be viewed as if, at some level of representation, the central nervous system were planning, executing and evaluating simple rapid movements in terms of momentum and energy instead of forces. The unifying perspective provided by the theory constitutes a powerful tool with which to study and analyze movements under numerous experimental conditions, using a single analytical law."